Step 1Lets start by setting up a new document, 540×300 pixels at 72ppi but for this tutorial size doesn’t matter at all. There are plenty of good places online to find nice wood textures and I found a great one HERE.
We’re going to start by creating 3 layers and pasting wood textures in each. Color isn’t as important as the tone of the wood and for this lesson I chose a very light, medium and dark piece to work with.
I arranged them from lightest on the bottom to darkest on the top because I want the light wood to comprise the image’s background.
Go ahead and find a few wood swatches and put each on it’s own layer. The textures at defcon-x are very high resolution and you may want to use the Free Transform function to bring them down to the proper size for your project.
Step 2Next we need to select a font to work with. For this effect I prefer a blocky sort of disco style font because the abstract nature of the letters. The font I’m going to use here is called Bifurk and is available for free at DAFONT
With the top layer of wood texture selected, press the T key to invoke the Type tool and click and type on the stage to add your text.
Step 3Now lets add a few layer masks to define the texture layers as text.
To load our text as a selection Command-Click (PC: Ctrl-Click) on the thumbnail for the text layer in the layers palette (since it’s text, it will just have a big T in the thumbnail box).
Step 4With the text selected, click on the Light Wood layer in the layers palette to select it as the working layer, then press the Add Layer Mask button at the bottom of the Layers palette to convert the selection to a Layer Mask.
Step 5Now do the exact thing to the Dark Wood layer, load the text as a selection and add a layer mask to the Dark Wood layer.
Step 7Make sure that the top wood texture layer is selected in the Layers palette as the active layer and then click on the Layer Mask in that layer to insure that what we do next will be applied to the Layer Mask and not to the layer itself. You’ll know the layer mask is selected because the layer mask thumbnail will have small brackets around it in the Layers palette.
What we’re going to do here is select areas of the layer mask to "black out", allowing the underlying layer to show through. Lets do a simple example by pressing the M key to invoke the Rectangular Marquee tool and creating a selection around the lower portion of one of our letterFor the moment we’re finished with the Type layer we created at the top of the document, but just to be safe lets not delete it, lets just turn it off by clicking on the little eye icon to the left of the layer thumbnail in the text layer.
Step 8Press the D key to insure that your foreground color is set to black, then we’re going to press Option-Delete (PC: Alt-Backspace) to fill our selection with black.
Since any area on a Layer Mask that is white will show through to the layer below and any area that is black will be masked off, the selection we just filled with black will allow the wood on the lower layer to be visible. Press Command-D (Ctrl-D) when you’ve filled the area of the mask with black to deselect.
Step 9Next lets try something a little trickier. Create a long narrow selection using the Rectangular Marquee tool.
Step 10I want this selection to be at a 45° angle, so lets choose Select>Transform Selection from the main menu. Holding the Shift key to constrain the rotation, grab one of the end points of the selection and rotate it. When it’s in the position you want, press the Return (PC: Enter) key to commit the transformation.
Move the selection to the spot you want to mask (just like in the previous step).
Step 11Obviously if I filled that selection with black I would also block out areas of the other letters (not just the S that I’m working on). To avoid this we need to subtract some areas from the selection. While holding down the Option (PC: Alt) key which will add a small minus sign (-) next to the Marquee tool I’ll create selections around the sections of the selection that I don’t want to be there, this will deselect only those areas of the selection that overlaps the other letters.
Step 12Now we’ll just fill our modified selection with black by pressing Option-Delete (PC: Alt-Backspace) to mask away another piece of the Dark Wood layer from view. When you’re done press Command-D (PC: Ctrl-D) to deselect.
Step 13Continue this process through each letter paying attention to the lines of the letters and where the highlight would best be suited.
Step 14The last thing I might do is add a 1 pixel white outline to each of the two wood lettering layers to represent that small over cut margin around the areas in wood overlay work that’s been filled with glue or wood filler. I’d accomplish this with a Stroke Layer Style with settings like the ones below. Notice that I’ve changed the color, size and opacity.
Step 15My final text would look something like this.
Step 16You can use this technique for just about anything, for my final image I added the Hero Star to the text. I hope you’ve learned something about layer masks and using textures to create effects.